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2018年广州市旅店业卫生状况分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Hygienic Status Analysis of Hotel in Guangzhou in 2018

作者:张秀娟  谭晶  黄运鹏 
作者(英文):ZHANG Xiujuan  TAN Jing  HUANG Yunpeng 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):public places  hotel industry  hygienic status 
分类号:R126.4
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·10·第3期(295-299)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 了解广州市公共场所旅店业客房的空气质量和公共用品用具的卫生状况,为旅店业卫生监督管理和相关公共场所传播疾病的预防及控制提供科学依据。方法 依据《公共场所卫生检验方法》(GB/T 18204)对客户委托受理的200家酒店、宾馆、旅店、招待所的客房空气质量和公共用品用具进行采样并检测,按照《旅店业卫生标准》(GB 9663-1996)的要求对检测结果进行评价。结果 200家不同级别的住宿场所合格率为86.50%(173/200)。其中高、中、低档旅店合格率分别为94.12%(16/17)、88.32%(121/137)和78.26%(36/46)。共检测客房607间,合格率为87.15%(529/607),其中高、中、低档旅店客房合格率分别为94.52%(69/73)、87.59(360/411)和81.30(100/123)。共检测用品用具3 951件,合格率为87.12%(3 442/3 951),其中高、中、低档旅店合格率分别为98.42%(436/443)、86.30%(2 407/2 789)和82.06%(590/719)。不同级别旅店客房空气质量检测指标中合格率较低的有噪声、可吸入颗粒物、照度,合格率分别为91.43%(555/607)、93.90%(570/607)、94.73(575/607);用品用具检测指标中金黄色葡萄球菌合格率为100.00%(3 951/3 951),细菌总数和大肠菌群合格率分别为92.03%(3 636/3 951)和95.09%(3 757/3 951)。结论 2018年广州市旅店业高、中档旅店卫生状况良好,低档旅店的卫生质量较差。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To understand the air quality of rooms in hotel in Guangzhou and the sanitary status of public articles and appliances, so as to provide scientific basis for the health supervision and management of the hotel and the prevention and control of diseases transmitted in related public places. Methods Samples of air quality and public articles and appliances in the rooms of 200 hotels, guesthouses, inns, and hostels were tested according to GB/T 18204 Standard Examination Methods for Public Places. The test results were evaluated according to the requirements of GB 9663-1996 Hygienic Standard for Hotel. Results The qualified rate for 200 different levels of dewelling places was 86.50 % (173/200). The qualified rates of high, medium and low level hotels were 94.12% (16/17), 88.32% (121/137) and 78.26% (36/46), respectively. The total of 607 guest rooms were tested with a qualified rate of 87.15% (529/607). And the qualified rates of high, medium, and low level hotels were 94.52% (69/73), 87.59% (360/411), and 81.30% (100/123), respectively. The total of 3 951 articles and appliances were tested with a qualified rate of 87.12% (3 442/3 951), among which the qualified rates of high, medium, and low level hotel were 98.42% (436/443), 86.30% (2 407/2 789), and 82.06% (590/719), respectively. Among the air quality test indexes of guest rooms in hotels with different level, noise, particulate matter 10, and illumination were lower, and the qualified rates were 91.43% (555/607), 93.90% (570/607), and 94.73 (575/607), respectively. Among the test indexes of articles and appliances, the qualified rate of Staphylococcus aureus was 100.00% (3 951/3 951), that of total bacteria and coliform was 92.03% (3 636/3 951) and 95.09% (3 757/3 951), respectively. Conclusions The hygienic condition of high and middle level hotels in Guangzhou was good, and the hygienic quality of low level hotels was poor in 2018.

 

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文著录格式: 张秀娟,,谭晶,,黄运鹏.2018年广州市旅店业卫生状况分析.环境卫生学杂志.2020;10(3):295-299.
英文著录格式: ZHANG,Xiujuan,,TAN,Jing,,HUANG,Yunpeng.Hygienic Status Analysis of Hotel in Guangzhou in 2018..2020;10(3):295-299.

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