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2014—2018年兰州市居民死因监测数据分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Analysis on Death Cause Monitoring Data of Residents in Lanzhou from 2014 to 2018

作者:陈瑞  孙建云  李拥军 
作者(英文):CHEN Rui  SUN Jianyun  LI Yongjun 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):death cause surveillance  mortality  potential years of life lost 
分类号:R195.4
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·10·第3期(255-259)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 分析2014—2018年甘肃省兰州市居民死因构成和减寿状况,为疾病预防控制措施的制定提供参考依据。方法 利用居民人口资料和死因监测数据进行分析,疾病分类按照国际疾病分类标准(ICD-10)编码进行,计算死亡率、标化死亡率、潜在减寿年数(PYLL)、平均减寿年数(AYLL)和死亡潜在减寿率(PYLLR)等指标。结果 2014—2018年兰州市居民男性、女性及合计年均粗死亡率分别为464.18/10万、337.32/10万和402.39/10万;男性、女性及合计标化死亡率分别为473.59/10万、345.18/10万和411.00/10万,男性标化死亡率显著高于女性(χ2=20.37,P<0.01);2014—2018年兰州市居民死因顺位前6位由高到低依次为循环系统疾病(170.44/10万),恶性肿瘤(90.07/10万),呼吸系统疾病(53.10/10万),伤害(24.61/10万),内分泌、营养和代谢性疾病(16.48/10万)及消化系统疾病(11.37/10万),前6位死因占总死因的90.97%(67 435/74 128);前6位死因PYLL为391 680人年,AYLL为5.81人年,PYLLR为22.97‰(391 680/17 048 544),其中伤害对寿命损失最大。结论 循环系统疾病、恶性肿瘤、呼吸系统疾病和伤害是威胁兰州市居民的主要死因和减寿原因,应有针对性地加强慢性病管理以及危险因素干预,减少疾病负担,提高居民期望寿命。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To understand the epidemiological characteristics of deaths in residents in Lanzou, Gansu Province, and to provide references for the formulation of disease prevention and control measures. Methods The authers performed analysis using resident population data and death cause monitoring data, classified diseases according to the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) Code, and calculated mortality, standardized mortality rate, potential life reduction years (PYLL), average life reduction years (AYLL) and potential years of life lost rate (PYLLR), etc. Results The average annual crude mortality rates of male, female residents and total mortality in Lanzhou from 2014 to 2018 were 464.18/100 000, 337.32/100 000 and 402.39/100 000, respectively. The average annual standardized mortality rates of male, female residents and total mortality in Lanzhou from 2014 to 2018 were 473.59/100 000,345.18/100 000 and 411.00/100 000, respectively. Male mortality rate was higher than that of female (χ2=20.37,P<0.01). The top 6 causes of death in Lanzhou from 2014 to 2018 were circulation system diseases(170.44/100 000), malignant tumors (90.07/100 000), diseases of respiratory system(53.10/100 000), injuries (24.61/100 000), endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (16.48/100 000) and digestive system diseases (11.37/100 000). The top 6 causes of death accounted for 90.97% (67 435/74 128) of the total cause of death. For the top 6 death causes, PYLL was 391 680 person years, the average AYLL was 5.81 person years, and the rate of PYLLR was 22.97‰ (391 680/17 048 544). Injuries caused the greatest losses of life. Conclusions Circulation system diseases, malignant tumors, diseases of respiratory system and injuries are the main causes of death for residents in Lanzhou, so it is necessary to strengthen the management of chronic diseases and the intervention of risk factors to reduce the burden of diseases and improve life expectancy of residents.

 

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文著录格式: 陈瑞,,孙建云,,李拥军.2014—2018年兰州市居民死因监测数据分析.环境卫生学杂志.2020;10(3):255-259.
英文著录格式: CHEN,Rui,,SUN,Jianyun,,LI,Yongjun.Analysis on Death Cause Monitoring Data of Residents in Lanzhou from 2014 to 2018..2020;10(3):255-259.

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