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水环境中抗生素来源及对健康的影响 [中文引用][英文引用]

The Source of Antibiotics in Aquatic Environment and its Impact on Human Health

作者:郑惠东 
作者(英文):ZHENG Huidong 
单位(英文): 
分类号:R123.2
出版年·卷·期(页码):2018·8·第1期(73-77)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

本文通过分析水环境中抗生素对人体健康、生态环境的影响,指出了水环境中抗生素的主要来源是养殖业、医疗行业、制药工业污水。水环境中的污水可使人体常驻菌群获得耐药性,导致长期饮用被抗生素污染水体的人免疫力下降、严重的过敏反应和慢性毒性作用,也可对某些水生生物产生毒性作用。本文同时也阐述了抗生素在环境中的迁移转化过程,以及目前常规的处理工艺对抗生素的影响。最后,针对我国目前情况,本文提出了今后水环境抗生素研究方向及开展工作方向。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This article analyzed the impact of antibiotics in aquatic environment on human health and ecological environment, and pointed out that the main source of antibiotics in aquatic environment was the wastewater from aquaculture, medical industry and pharmaceutical industry. The sewage contaminated by antibiotics in aquatic environment could make the flora usually resided in human body obtain resistance to antibiotics, resulting in the decrease of immunity, severe allergic reaction and chronic toxicity, along with the antibiotics contaminated sewage in aquatic environment might also have toxic effect on certain aquatic organisms. The migration and transformation of antibiotics in the environment and the effect of conventional treatment process on antibiotics were also described in this paper. Finally, for the current situation in China, the direction for the research and the work in the future on antibiotics in aquatic environment was also put forward.

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文著录格式: 郑惠东.水环境中抗生素来源及对健康的影响.环境卫生学杂志.2018;8(1):73-77.
英文著录格式: ZHENG,Huidong.The Source of Antibiotics in Aquatic Environment and its Impact on Human Health..2018;8(1):73-77.

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