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2014年赣州市农村饮用水水质卫生状况监测分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Drinking-water Quality in Rural Areas of Ganzhou City in 2014

作者(英文):YUAN Zhiping  JIN Meilan  LI Jianhua  HU Xiaojun  LI Huipeng  ZHENG Zhipeng  XIAO Fei 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):rural drinking-water  water quality status  monitoring and analysis 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2016·6·第2期(122-126)
DOI: 10.13421/j.cnki.hjwsxzz.2016.02.008
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 分析江西省赣州市2014年农村饮用水水质卫生状况及其影响因素,为相关部门决策提供参考依据。方法 采用统一调查表,对赣州市11个县农村饮用水基本情况进行调查,并依据《生活饮用水标准检验方法》(GB/T 5750-2006),分别于枯水期和丰水期采集水样开展33项指标检测,结果对照《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB 5749-2006)进行水质评价。结果 农村集中式、分散式供水覆盖人口比例分别为38.10%、61.90%;水处理方式为完全处理、沉淀过滤、仅消毒、未处理的水厂数分别占2.88%、40.21%、1.72%、55.18%;全年水质合格率为23.60%,枯、丰水期合格率分别为25.07%、22.13%,出厂水、末梢水合格率分别为24.34%、22.99%,总大肠菌群、耐热大肠菌群、菌落总数、浑浊度、肉眼可见物超标率分别为69.20%、65.00%、17.00%、14.93%、13.80%;饮用合格水人口比例为34.20%。结论 赣州市农村以分散式供水方式为主,集中式供水水处理方式以未处理居多;农村饮用水水质合格率低,微生物指标超标率高,农村饮用水卫生安全有待提高;合格水覆盖人口比例小。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To analyze the sanitary status of drinking water in rural areas of Ganzhou city in Jiangxi province in 2014, and to provide reference for relevant government departments. Methods A unified questionnaire was used to investigate the basic situation of drinking water in 11 counties of Ganzhou city in dry and wet seasons. Water samples were collected to carry out 33 indicators based on the "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water" (GB/T 5750-2006). The results of water quality were evaluated and compared with the "Sanitary Standard for Drinking Water" (GB 5749-2006). Results The coverage rates of rural centralized and decentralized water supplies were 38.10% and 61.90% respectively. The methods for water treatment were complete treatment, precipitation and filtration, disinfection and untreated, which were accounted for 2.88%, 40.21%, 1.72% and 55.18%, respectively. The qualified rate of water in the whole year was 23.60%; the qualified rales in dry and wet seasons were 25.07% and 22.13% respectively; the qualified rates of terminal piped treated water and waterwoks water were 24.34% and 22.99% respectively. The unqualified rates of total coliform group, thermotolerant coliforms, total bacteria counts, turbidity and visible matters were 69.20%, 65.00%, 17.00%, 14.93% and 13.80%, respectively. The proportion of people having qualified drinking-water supply was 34.20%. Conclusions In rural areas of Ganzhou city, decentralized water supply was the main type of water supplies. The water in majority of centralized water supplies were untreated. The qualified rates of most rural drinking water supplies were low, most microbial indicators were higher than the those atstandard limits, the status on hygiene and safety of rural drinking water should be improved. The coverage of qualified water was still in a small percentage of population.

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中文著录格式: 袁志平,,金美兰,,李建华,,胡晓军,,李会鹏,,郑志鹏,,肖菲.2014年赣州市农村饮用水水质卫生状况监测分析.环境卫生学杂志.2016;6(2):122-126.
英文著录格式: YUAN,Zhiping,,JIN,Meilan,,LI,Jianhua,,HU,Xiaojun,,LI,Huipeng,,ZHENG,Zhipeng,,XIAO,Fei.Drinking-water Quality in Rural Areas of Ganzhou City in 2014..2016;6(2):122-126.

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