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2010—2013年河南省淮河流域四县农村地区饮用水水质卫生监测分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Monitoring the Water Quality of Four Counties of Henan Province located in Huaihe River Basin in 2010—2013

作者:张杰 祝刚 张丁  
作者(英文):ZHANG Jie ZHU Gang ZHANG Ding  
单位: 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):Keywords: rural drinking water  Huaihe River Basin  health survey  analysis 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2015·5·第3期(257-259)
DOI: DOI:10.13421/j.cnki.hjwsxzz.2015.03.016
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摘要:目的 分析2010—2013年河南省淮河流域4县农村地区饮用水水质变化趋势,为提高该地区的农村饮用水质量和我省淮河流域癌症综合防治工作提供科学依据。方法 依据《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB 5749 ? 2006)对2010—2013年河南省淮河流域4个县农村地区饮用水水质监测结果进行分析和评价。结果 2010—2013年共监测水样1 024份,4个县水样总合格率为43.8%;4年间水样总体合格率持续提高,有统计学意义(χ2 = 14.02,Ρ < 0.05)。X县水样合格率最高61.5%,S县水样合格率最低25.4%,4个县间水样合格率差异有统计学意义(χ2 = 86.33,Ρ < 0.05 )。4个县分散式供水水样合格率小于集中式供水水样合格率,差异有统计学意义(χ2 = 145.8,Ρ < 0.05 )。4县四年间枯、丰两期水样合格率比较差异无统计学意义(χ2值为1.79、1.4、0.38、1.43,Ρ > 0.05)。4县微生物学和氟化物指标合格率较低(分别为72.7%和85.7%),是影响水样综合指标合格率的重要因素。结论 2010—2013年,河南省淮河流域4县农村地区饮用水水质合格率持续提高,但微生物学指标和氟化物超标问题依然严重。
   

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract: Objective To analyze the trend of drinking water quality in rural areas of four counties in Henan Province, which were located in Huaihe river basin, to provide scientific basis for the comprehensive prevention and control of cancers. Method  The quality of drinking water monitored in 2010—2013 were analyzed and evaluated by the Sanitary Standard for Drinking Water (GB 5749 ? 2006). Results  The total qualified rate of 1024 water samples collected from these four counties was 43.8%; and the pass rate in each year was improved in the four years (χ 2 = 14.02, P < 0.05).  The highest pass rate was 61.5% in samples from X County and the lowest pass rate was 25.4% in samples from S County.  There was a statistically significant difference among four counties (χ 2 = 86.33, P < 0.05). The qualified rate of water from decentralized water supplies was less than the water from centralized water supplies (χ 2 = 145.8, P < 0.05).  No statistically significant difference was observed between the water quality collected from dry and wet seasons in 4 counties (χ 2 = 1.79, 1.4, 0.38, 1.43, P > 0.05).  The qualified rate for microbiological indicators was 72.7% and fluoride was 85.7%, which were the most important influential factors for improving the comprehensive index of water quality. Conclusion  The quality of drinking water in rural areas of these four counties in Huaihe basin had been improved continuously in 2010-2013, but the problem of microbiological indicators and fluoride, which were out of the standard limits, was still serious.
 

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文著录格式: 张杰,祝刚,张丁,.2010—2013年河南省淮河流域四县农村地区饮用水水质卫生监测分析.环境卫生学杂志.2015;5(3):257-259.
英文著录格式: ZHANG,Jie,ZHU,Gang,ZHANG,Ding,.Monitoring the Water Quality of Four Counties of Henan Province located in Huaihe River Basin in 2010—2013..2015;5(3):257-259.

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