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农村集中式供水设施管理现状调查 [中文引用][英文引用]

Investigation on the Management of Centralized Water Supply Facilities in Rural Areas of China

作者:张琦         陶勇* 
作者(英文):Zhang Qi Tao Yong*  
单位: 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):Key words: centralized water supply facility  management  rural area 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2012·2·第4期(166-169)
DOI: 0
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

摘要:目的 分析世行贷款项目农村水厂的管理现状和管理模式,为建立合理高效的农村集中式供水设施管理体制提供借鉴。方法 采用现场调查和访谈的方法调查1 639座农村水厂,使用描述性分析和相关性分析。结果 约90%的水厂是以地下水为水源,供水规模在200 ~ 1 000 m3/d和20 ~ 200m3/d的水厂分别占29.77%和57.35%;产权归属村集体和乡镇的水厂分别约占71%和12%;农村水厂盈利比例低,约25%的水厂亏损运行,成立股份公司的水厂和民营水厂盈利比例较高;调查水厂的总体消毒率仅为47.71%,由产权主体委派人员管理的水厂超过一半以上不消毒。结论 约87%的水厂为供水规模在1 000 m3/d以下的小型水厂;村集体和乡镇是目前农村水厂的主要产权主体;农村水厂的适宜管理模式与水厂规模和供水的准公共属性有关;农村水厂盈利比例低,管理模式、水费结构和漏失率等因素是影响水厂财务状况的主要因素。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract: Objective To analyze the management of rural water plants financed by the World Bank for establishing more reasonable and efficient management modes for rural water supply plants. Methods Using field survey and interview method to investigate 1639 rural water plants, and the data were processed by descriptive and relative analysis.  Results About 90% of water sources of rural water plants were underground water, and the scales of water plants in the range of 200?1 000 m3/d and 20?200 m3/d were accounted for 29.77% and 57.35% respectively, The ownership of rural water plants were village committees and township collective groups, accounted for 71% and 12%, respectively.  The profitability of running rural water plants was low and about 25% of plants were running under deficit. The profitability of joint stock companies and private water supply enterprises was better. The water was disinfected in 47.74% of water plants. The water in more than one half of water plants run by appointees was not disinfected. Conclusion Over 87% of rural water supply facilities are small-scaled with a supplying capability of below 1000 m3/d. Village committees and township collective groups were the main owners of property rights for rural water supply facilities currently. Suitable management modes for rural water plants were related to the scale and the quasi-public character.  A few rural water plants were running in low profitability, and the management modes, water price structure and leakage rate might be the main reasons affected the financial status.
 

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文著录格式: 张琦 , , , ,,陶勇*.农村集中式供水设施管理现状调查.环境卫生学杂志.2012;2(4):166-169.
英文著录格式: Zhang,Qi,Tao,Yong*,.Investigation on the Management of Centralized Water Supply Facilities in Rural Areas of China..2012;2(4):166-169.

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