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深圳市城区居民室内空气污染现状调查 [中文引用][英文引用]

Current Status of Indoor Air Pollutants in Urban Areas of Shenzhen

作者(英文):Zhang Zhen  Liu Guohong  Peng Chaoqiong  Yu Shuyuan  Yan Yuning  Huang Guangwen  Li Shengnong  Huang Yingying 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):Indoor air pollution  PM10  HCHO 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2011·1·第5期(10-13)
DOI: 1
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

摘要:目的 了解深圳市城区居民室内污染现状。方法 于2008年12月对南山区28套住宅厨房、客厅、卧室空气中甲醛(HCHO)、二氧化碳(CO2)、可吸入颗粒物(PM10)、苯系物(苯、甲苯、二甲苯)浓度进行检测,同时调查可能的影响因素。结果 28户家庭室内苯系物的平均浓度均小于0.05 mg/m3,HCHO、CO2、PM10的平均浓度分别为0.025 mg/m3、0.077%、0.258 mg/m3;苯系物、HCHO、CO2浓度低于《室内空气质量标准》(GB/T 18883-2002)的标准值,PM10平均浓度超标66.7%。厨房、客厅和卧室污染物浓度总体分布差异以及温度、吸烟对污染物的影响均无统计学意义(P>0.05),室内相对湿度与PM10浓度呈正相关(P<0.05)。结论 深圳市城区居民室内PM10污染相对严重,高湿度环境可能会使其浓度升高。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract: Objective To examine the current status of indoor air pollution in urban areas of Shenzhen, China. Methods Formaldehyde (HCHO), carbon dioxide (CO2), respirable particulate matter (PM10) and benzene series (benzene, methylbenzene, dimethylbenzene) in the kitchen, living room and bedroom of 28 houses were examined in December in Nanshan district of Shenzhen.  The factors impacting indoor air pollution were surveyed, and the serum immunoglobulins of 24 old people were tested. Results The average concentration of HCHO, CO2 and PM10 was 0.025 mg/m3, 0.077% and 0.258 mg/m3,respectively. The concentrations of all benzene series were less than 0.05 mg/m3. The concentration of PM10 exceeded the standard limits of Indoor Air Quality Standard (GB/T 18883-2002), and the others were all lower than the standard limits. The relative humidity was positively correlated with the concentration of PM10. Conclusion The pollution level of indoor air PM10 was relatively high, high humidity may cause the increase of PM10 concentration.

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中文著录格式: 张振1,刘国红1,彭朝琼1,余淑苑1,严宙宁2,黄广文1,李胜浓1,黄盈盈1.深圳市城区居民室内空气污染现状调查.环境卫生学杂志.2011;1(5):10-13.
英文著录格式: Zhang,Zhen,,Liu,Guohong,,Peng,Chaoqiong,,Yu,Shuyuan,,Yan,Yuning,,Huang,Guangwen,,Li,Shengnong,,Huang,Yingying.Current Status of Indoor Air Pollutants in Urban Areas of Shenzhen..2011;1(5):10-13.

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